top of page

1939 -1941

66A MOD1.jpeg

My grandfather in the Uchta Camp

4. Release from the Uchtizmlag, Uchta, 1


And here is where my grandfather’s album starts with a photo which is, most probably, unique historical evidence.  Uchtizmlag was a labor camp for political prisoners near Uchta  some 1,300 km to the north-east of Moscow in the Komi Region. It was where the Soviet authorities kept many of the Polish POWs.




















The “amnesty” and the release from the detention camps was the reaction to the German onslaught on the Soviet Union in June 1941. The Polish POWs now became an allies in the war against Nazi Germany. Most of them joined the newly established Polish army in the USSR (the so-called Anders Army, after the name of its commander, general Wladyslaw Anders).

Departed for Tockoje on 1 September 1941 and joined the Polish Forces 1 September 1941 and joined the Polish Forces in USSR on 18 September 1941



Tockoye, some 1,200 km to the south of Uchta near the border with Kazahstan, which used to serve as an another camp for Polish POWs, became a main mobilization point for the Anders Army.











Release from the Uchtizmlag, Uchta, 1 August 1941. My grandfather is standing in the middle.  On the right: a Soviet document certifying that Jozef Cymer was released from the Uchta Camp and is free to travel within the USSR except for restricted war zones (Source: Hoover Institution Archives, Stanford, CA)

3. Tockoje, XII 1941.jpg

Tockoje, December 1941. My grandfather is on the right.

66A MOD1.jpeg
bottom of page